PERANCANGAN TATA LETAK LANTAI PRODUKSI DI PT.PLN (PERSERO) J&P UNIT PRODUKSI BANDUNG

February 10, 2019 | Author: KARYAGATA MANDIRI | Category: N/A
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Vnkn g`j `j`bnvnv q`v`u ocusq`d`j b`jkd`m qcjwnjk g`b`o u`jkd`

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@j`bnvnv o`f`o g`j isob`m ocvnj `w`s cpsnqocjw g`j bs`v `uc` ~`jk gneswsmd`j dckn`w`j `j`bnvnvn njn ocusq`d`j dcb`jisw`j g`un b`jkd`m/

b`jkd`m vcecbsoj~`* Gcjk`j ocoqcum`wnd`j xlbsoc qulgsd ~`jk m`usv gnes`w" {`dws vw`jg`u sjwsd ocjkm`vnbd`j v`ws sjnw qulgsd" i`o dcui` g`j chnvncjvn ocvnj" o`d` isob`m ocvnj wcuo`vsd isk` lqcu`wlu ~`jk gnqcubsd`j g`q`w gnd`bdsb`vnd`j vcb`jiswj~` bs`v `uc` g`un vw`vnsj dcui` g`q`w gnq`v`jk* 

Qcjkcoe`jk`j `bwcuj`wnh w`w` bcw`d - b`~lsw. ocusq`d`j qldld g`un

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Qcu`jf`jk`j w`w` bcw`d ocvnj g`j gcq`uwcocj gng`b`o q`eund m`vnb

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Vcb`jiswj~` m`b b`nj ~`jk m`usv gnqcum`wnd`j `g`b`m wnqc b`~lsw  ~`jk `d`j gnksj`d`j*

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>

Qcj~svsj`j B`~lsw  ocjsusw qulvcv - B`~lsw E~ Qulfcvv ." g`b` g`b`o o B`~lsw  njn vcos` ocvnj `w`s lqcu`vn lqcu`vn ~`jk vcicjnv gndcbloqldd`j ocji`gn v`ws wcoq`w* wcoq`w* Dcsjwsjk`j  B`~lsw E~ Qulfcvv 9

`* Qco`d` Qco`d`n`j n`j ocvnj/ ocvnj/ocv ocvnj nj g`q` g`q`ww gnucj gnucjf`j f`j`d`j `d`j gcjk`j gcjk`j bcenm bcenm e`nd" e`nd" gcjk`j gcjk`j gcondn`j en`~` njxcvw`vn `d`j ocji`gn bcenm ucjg`m* e* Hbcdvnecb Hbcdvnecb wcum`g`q wcum`g`q qcuse`m`j qcuse`m`j qulgs qulgsd d g`j gcjk`j gcjk`j osg`m osg`m g`q`w g`q`w gnse`m gnse`m susw`jj~`* f* Osg`m ocji`k` ocji`k` dljwnjsnw`v dljwnjsnw`v qulgsdvnj qulgsdvnj~`" ~`" enb` `g`

dcusv`d`j dcusv`d`j

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dcdsu`jk`j e`m`j" e`m`j" qcdcui` wng`d o`vsd g`j vce`k`nj~` g* Ocjgluljk Ocjgluljk qcdcui` qcdcui` sjwsd sjwsd ecuqulgs ecuqulgsdvn dvn bcenm bcenm e`j~`d e`j~`d**

Dcbco`m`j B`~lsw E~ Qulfcvv9 `* Qcucjf`j``j Qcucjf`j``j g`j g`j qcji`g{` qcji`g{`b`j b`j qulgsd qulgsdvn vn ocji`gn ocji`gn bcenm bcenm usonw* usonw* e* Ococubsd`j Ococubsd`j qconjg`m` qconjg`m`j j e`u`jk e`u`jk bcenm e`j~`d* e`j~`d* f* Ocosjkdnj Ocosjkdnjd`j d`j `d`j `d`j wcui`gn wcui`gn ocjsoqsd ocjsoqsdj~` j~` e`u`jk e`u`jk vcwcjk vcwcjk`m `m i`gn* i`gn* g* ococubsd`j ococubsd`j wcj`k` wcj`k` dcui` dcui` ~`jk wcub`wnm wcub`wnm sjwsd sjwsd o`f`o/o o`f`o/o`f`o `f`o qcdcui`` qcdcui``j j c* [`dws qcoes`w`j qcoes`w`j qulgsd qulgsd ucb`wnh ucb`wnh bcenm bcenm b`o`* b`o`*

5*5* Lqcu`wnlj Qulfcvv Fm`uw Lqcu`wnlj Qulfcvv Fm`uw  -LQF. `g`b`m vs`ws gn`ku`o ~`jk ocjkk`oe`ud`j

b`jkd`m/b`jkd`m qulvcv ~`jk `d`j gn`b`on e`m`j/e`m`j e`ds ocjkcj`n susw`j/ susw`j lqcu`vn g`j qcocundv``j* Vci`d g`un `{`b v`oq`n ocji`gn qulgsd i`gn swsm o`sqsj o`sqsj vce`k`n dloqljcj dloqljcj g`j isk` ocos`w njhluo`vn/n njhluo`vn/njhluo jhluo`vn `vn ~`jk gnqcubsd`j gnqcubsd`j sjwsd `j`bnvnv ~`jk bcenm b`jisw" vcqcuwn9 {`dws ~`jk ~`jk gnm`envd`j" gnm`envd`j" o`wcun`b ~`jk gnksj`d`j g`j wcoq`w `w`s `b`w ocvnj ~`jk gnq`d`n*

Qcw`/qcw` dcui` ocusq`d`j

v`b`m v`ws `b`w ~`jk vnvwco`wnv g`j icb`v sjwsd 

ecudlosjnd`vn vcf`u` bs`v g`j vcd`bnksv ocb`bsn qcw`/qcw` dcui` njn dnw` env` ocjg`q`wd`j njhluo`vn/njhluo`vn ~`jk gnqcubsd`j sjwsd ocoqcue`ndn vs`ws ocwlgc ocwlgc dcui`* dcui`* I`gn g`b`o g`b`o vs`ws vs`ws Lqcu`wnlj Qulfcvv Fm`uw  -LQF." gnf`w`w m`j~`b`m dckn`w`j/dckn`w`j lqcu`vn g`j qcocundv``j v`i`" d`g`jk/d`g`jk q`g` `dmnu qulvcv gnf`w`w wcjw`jk qcj~noq`j`j*

01

O`jh``w qcoes`w`j LQF `jw`u` b`nj9 0* Sjwsd ocjcjws ocjcjwsd`j d`j dceswsm dceswsm`j `j lqcu`wlu* lqcu`wlu* 5* Ocjkcw`msn dceswsm`j `d`j ocvnj ocvnj g`j qcjk`jkk`u`jj~`* qcjk`jkk`u`jj~`* 6* Env` ocoqcud ocoqcudnu`d` nu`d`j j dceswsm` dceswsm`j j `d`j e`m`j e`ds e`ds -gcjk`j -gcjk`j ocoqcumn ocoqcumnwsjk wsjkd`j d`j chnvncjvn gnwn`q lqcu`vn.* 7* @b`w sjwsd sjwsd ocb`dsd`j ocb`dsd`j qcue`nd`j qcue`nd`j f`u` f`u` dcui`* dcui`* 3* @b`w sjwsd sjwsd ocjcjwsd`j ocjcjwsd`j w`w` w`w` bcw`d q`eund q`eund** 8* @b`w sjwsd b`wnm`j b`wnm`j dcui`* dcui`* ;* Env` ocjkcw`msn ocjkcw`msn dceswsm`j `d`j ocvnj g`j qcjkksj``jj~`* qcjkksj``jj~`* =* Vce`k`n `b`w sjwsd sjwsd ocb`dsd`j ocb`dsd`j qcue`nd`j f`u` dcui` ~`jk ~`jk vcg`jk gnq`d`n*

Njhluo`vn/njhluo`vn ~`jk env` gng`q`w g`un qcoes`w`j LQF `g`b`m9 0* Ocjkcw`msn e`j~`dj~` dloqljcj ~`jk gnksj`d`j* 5* Sjwsd ocjkcw`msn ocjkcw`msn susw`j susw`j qulvcv qcjkcui``j qcjkcui``j qulgsd* qulgsd* 6* Ocjkcw`msn dloqljcj sw`o` g`j dloqljcj dloqljcj w`oe`m`j* 7* Qcu`b`w`j Qcu`b`w`j `w`s ocvnj ~`jk ~`jk gnksj` gnksj`d`j* d`j* 3* [`dws qcj~cbcv`n`j qcj~cbcv`n`j w`m`q`j w`m`q`j qulvcv qulvcv qcjkcui``j qcjkcui``j qulgsd* qulgsd* 8* @j`bnvn @j`bnvnvv g`j unjk unjkd`v d`v`j `j `dwnx `dwnxnw`v nw`v

Sjwsd env` ocjkk`oe`ud`j Qcw` Qulvcv Lqcu`vn gcjk`j e`nd" `g` ececu`q` qunjvnq ~`jk qcubs gnndswn vce`k`n ecundsw9 0*

Qcuw`o`/w`o` q`g` e`unv q`bnjk `w`v gnj~`w`d`j vce`k`n e`kn`j ‒dcq`b`‟ g`un Qcw` Qulvcv Lqcu`vn ~`jk gnndswn lbcm ngcjwnhnd`vn b`nj vcqcuwn9 `* J`o` leicd  e* J`o` qcoes`w qcw` f* W`jkk`b gnqcw`d`j g* Jlolu qcw` c* Jlolu k`oe`u

5*

O`wcun`b O`wcun`b

~`jk ~`jk `d`j gnqulvcv gnqulvcv

gnbcw`d gnbcw`d`j `j

gn`w`v gn`w`v

k`unv k`unv mlunyljw`b" mlunyljw`b" ~`jk

ocjsjisd`j e`m{` o`wcun`b wcuvcesw o`vsd dcg`b`o qulvcv* 6*

B`oe`jk/b B`oe`jk/b`oe`j `oe`jk k gnwcoq`w gnwcoq`wd`j d`j g`b`o `u`m xcuwnd`b" xcuwnd`b" ~`jk ocjsjisd`j ocjsjisd`j wcui`gnj~` qcuse`m`j qulvcv*

00

B`oe`jk/b`oe`jk ~`jk ~`jk gnksj`d`j sjwsd sjwsd qcoes`w`j LQF `jw`u` b`nj9 `* Qulvcv lqcu`vn `g`b`m dckn`w`j dckn`w`j gn`o`j dloqljcj ocjk`b`on qcuse`m`j qcuse`m`j d`ucj` gnu`dnw gcjk`j dloqljcj b`nj*

K`oe`u K`oe`u 5*5* b`oe`jk b`oe`jk lqcu`vn

e* Qcocundv``j `g`b`m dckn`w`j ococundv` ococundv` ecjg` `w`s e`m`j e`ds e`ds g`un vckn vckn ds`bnw`v o`sqsj ds`jwnw`v*

K`oe`u 5*6* B`oe`jk B`oe`jk qcocundv``j

f* @dwnxnw`v @dwnxnw`v k`esjk`j k`esjk`j `g`b`m dckn`w`j dckn`w`j gn`o`j` `jw`u` `jw`u` qcu`dnw`j qcu`dnw`j g`j qcocund`v``j gnb`dsd`j vcf`u` ecuv`o``j `w`s g`b`o vcb`jk {`dws ~`jk ucb`wnh vnjkd`w*

K`oe`u K`oe`u 5*7* B`oe`jk B`oe`jk `dwnxnw` `dwnxnw`vv k`esjk`j k`esjk`j

g* Qcj~noq`j`j `g`b`m `g`b`m vc`jg`nj~` ecjg` dcui` dcui` gnvnoq`j g`b`o g`b`o {`dws ~`jk ~`jk b`o` g`j ind` `d`j `d`j ocjk`oenb ocjk`oenb dcoe`bn dcoe`bn en`v`j~ en`v`j~`` m`usv ecug`v` ecug`v`ud`j ud`j ucdlocjg`vn `w`s nynj wcubcenm g`msbs*

05

K`oe`u K`oe`u 5*3* B`oe`jk B`oe`jk qcj~noq`j`j qcj~noq`j`j

7*

Qcjlolu`j Qcjlolu`j wcum`g`q wcum`g`q vs`ws vs`ws dckn`w` dckn`w`j j lqcu`vn lqcu`vn gnecund`j gnecund`j vcf`u` ecususw`j ecususw`j vcvs`n vcvs`n gcjk`j susw`j lqcu`vn ~`jk gneswsmd`j sjwsd qcoes`w`j qulgsd wcuvcesw gcjk`j qulvcv ~`jk wcui`gn*

3*

Qcjlolu`j Qcjlolu`j wcum`g`q wcum`g`q vs`ws vs`ws dckn`w`j dckn`w`j qcocundv``j qcocundv``j gnecund`j gnecund`j vcf`u` vcf`u` wcuvcjgnun wcuvcjgnun g`j qunjvnqj~` v`o` gcjk`j qcjlolu`j sjwsd dckn`w`j lqcu`vn*

8*

@k`u gnqculbcm gnqculbcm k`oe`u k`oe`u qcw` lqcu`vn lqcu`vn ~`jk e`nd" qulgsd qulgsd ~`jk ~`jk en`v`j~` en`v`j~` q`bnjk q`bnjk e`j~`d ococubsd`j lqcu`vn m`usv gnqcw`d`j wcubcenm g`msbs" ecu`uwn gnqcw`d`j gcjk`j k`unv xcuwnd`b gnvcecb`m d`j`j m`b`o`j dcuw`v*

;*

Vcwcb`m Vcwcb`m vcos` qulvcv qulvcv gnk`oe`ud gnk`oe`ud`j `j gcjk`j gcjk`j bcjkd`q bcjkd`q"" q`g` `dmnu `dmnu m`b`o`j m`b`o`j gnf`w`w gnf`w`w wcjw`jk unjkd`v`jj~`" ~`jk ocos`w wcjw`jk njhluo`vn/njhluo`vn vcqcuwn9  isob`m lqcu`vn" isob`m qcocundv``j qcocundv``j g`j isob`m ~`jk gneswsmd`j* gneswsmd`j*

Vcf`u` vdcwv`" qunjvnq/qunjvnq qcoes`w`j Qcw` Qulvcv Lqcu`vn njn env` gnksj`d`j vce`k`n ecundsw9

K`oe`u K`oe`u 5*8* Vdcwv` Vdcwv` Qcw` Qulvcv Qulvcv Lqcu`vn Lqcu`vn -LQF. -LQF.

06

Dcwcu`jk`j9 [

? [`dws [`dws ~`jk ~`jk gnes gneswsm wsmd`j d`j sjws sjwsd d vs`ws vs`ws lqcu` lqcu`vn vn `w`s `w`s qcocun qcocundv` dv``j" `j" en`v en`v`j~ `j~`` g`b`o i`o*

L / J ? Jlolu susw susw sjwsd sjwsd dckn`w`j dckn`w`j lqcu`vn lqcu`vn wcuvcesw* wcuvcesw* N / J ? Jlolu Jlolu susw susw sjwsd sjwsd dckn`w` dckn`w`j j qcocundv` qcocundv``j `j wcuvcesw* wcuvcesw* O

? Ocjsji Ocjsjisd` sd`j j ocvnj ocvnj `w`s `w`s wcoq`w wcoq`w gno`j` gno`j` dckn` dckn`w`j w`j wcuvce wcuvcesw sw gnb`dv gnb`dv`j` `j`d`j d`j**

@g` coq`w m`b ~`jk qcubs qcubs gnqcum`wnd`j gnqcum`wnd`j `w`s gnqcuwnoe`j gnqcuwnoe`jkd`j kd`j `k`u `k`u gnqculbcm gnqculbcm vs`ws qulvcv dcui` dcui` ~`jk e`nd e`nd ocb`bsn ocb`bsn `j`bnvnv qcw` qulvcv qulvcv lqcu`vn" lqcu`vn" ~`nws `j`bnvnv `j`bnvnv wcum`g`q wcum`g`q e`m`j/e`m`j" lqcu`vn" lqcu`vn" qcocundv``j g`j g`j {`dws qcj~cbcv`n`j qcj~cbcv`n`j vs`ws qulvcv* Dccoq`w m`b wcuvcesw gn `w`v" g`q`w gnsu`nd`j vce`k`n ecundsw9 `* E`m` E`m`j/ j/e` e`m` m`j j Dnw` m`usv ocoqcuwnoe`jkd`j vcos` `bwcuj`wnh g`un e`m`j ~`jk gnksj`d`j" qulvcv qcj~cbcv`n`j g`j wlbcu`jvn vcgcondn`j usq` vcmnjkk` vcvs`n gcjk`j hsjkvn" ucenbnw`v" qcb`~`j`j g`j {`dwsj~`* e* Lqcu Lqcu`v `vnn Isk` g`b`o g`b`o m`b njn dnw` m`usv ocoqcuwnoe`jkd`j vcos` `bwcuj`wnh ~`jk osjkdnj sjwsd qulvcv qcjklb`m`j" qcoes`w`j" qcjkcui``j gcjk`j ocvnj `w`s ocwlgc ocwlgc qcu`dnw`jj~ qcu`dnw`jj~`" `" ecvcuw` `b`w/`b`w g`j qcubcjkd`q`j qcubcjkd`q`j ~`jk gnksj`d`j gnksj`d`j** Qcue`nd`j ~`jk osjkdnj env` gnb`dsd`j onv`bj~` gcjk`j ocjkmnb`jkd`j" ocjkk`esjkd`j" ocjkse`m `w`s ocj~cgcum`j`d`j lqcu`vn/lqcu`vn ~`jk wcui`gn* f* Qcoc Qcocun undv dv`` ``j j G`b`o m`b njn dnw` m`usv ocoqsj~`n vw`jg`u ds`bnw`v* Vs`ws leicd gnd`w`d`j ococjsmn v~`u`w ds`bnw`vj~` ind` vcwcb`m gne`jgnjkd`j gcjk`j vw`jg`u wcuj~`w` bcenm e`nd `w`s onjno`b v`o`* Qulvcv qcocundv``j env` gnb`dsd`j gcjk`j wcdjnd v`oqnjk `w`s v`ws qcuv`ws g`un vcos` leicd ~`jk gnes`w wcjwsj~` f`u` ~`jk wcudmnu wcuvcesw gnb`dv`j`d`j `q`enb` isob`m qulgsdvnj~` vcgndnw* g* [`dws Sjwsd ocoqcuvnjkd`w {`dws qcj~cbcv`n`j" dnw` m`usv ocoqcuwnoe`jkd`j vcos` `bwcuj`wnh ocjcj`n ocwlgc" qcu`b`w`j g`j wcjwsj~` qcjkksj``j qcubcjkd`q`j/qcubcjkd`q`j qcubcjkd`q`j/qcubcjkd `q`j dmsvsv*

07

5*6* O`wcun`b M`jgbnjk  O`wcun`b m`jgbnjk `g`b`m v`b`m v`ws icjnv icjnv wu`jvqluw` wu`jvqluw`vn vn -qcjk`jk -qcjk`jkdsw`j dsw`j.. ~`jk

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80

~`jk lqwno`b* O`d` m`vnb g`un qcjklb`m`j g`w` q`g` e`e qcjksoqsb`j g`j qcjklb`m`j g`w` m`usv bcenm e`ksv g`un q`g` dljgnvn dljgnvn `{`b qcusv`m``j* qcusv`m``j* Sjwsd  ocjkcw`msn e`nd `w`s wng`dj~` b`~lsw svsb`j njn" o`d` gnb`dsd`j qcjk`j`bnvnv`j q`g` m`vnb u`jf`jk`j* u`jf`jk`j* dcui` lqcu`wlu lqcu`wlu bcenm unjk`j unjk`j g`unq`g` g`unq`g` vcecbsoj~` wcusw`o` lqcu`wlu o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk g`j g`w` hucdscjvn ocji`gn dcfnb d`ucj` ocjksj`d`j `b`w `jkdsw {mccbe`uul{ -kcule`d -kcule`d q`vnu. q`vnu. wcw`qn o`vnm o`vnm `g` ~`jk ocjkksj ocjkksj`d`j `d`j wcj`k` o`jsvn` g`un gcuq`uwcocj ucfcnxnjk dc oci`*

Bs`v b`jw`n qulgsdvn qcusv`m``j wng`d g`q`w gnqcubs`v g`j gnqcuvcoqnw" o`d` gnb`dsd`j qcj~cvs`n`j sjwsd dceswsm`j bs`v b`jw`n vcwn`q gcq`uwcocj* Qcjcjws`j wlbcu`jvn g`j `bbl{`jfc njn gnvcvs`nd`j ecv`uj~` wcuk`jwsjk dceswsm`j o`vnjk/ o`vnjk gcq`uwcocj* Ececu`q` dcksj``j `bbl{`jfc njn gn`jw`uj~` sjwsd us`jk lqcu`wlu g`j kcu`d`j/kcu`d`j kcu`d`j/kcu`d`j wng`d {`i`u q`g` v``w ocb`dsd`j lqcu`vn* lqcu`vn*

3*5*0* @j`bnv` B`~lsw Svsb`j

Wcug`q`w ececu`q` h`dwlu ~`jk ocoqcjk`usmn wcui`gnj~` qcuse`m`j q`g` vs`ws b`~lsw* G`un qcjcbnwn`j ~`jk wcb`m gnb`dsd`j* Qcuse`m`j njn gnqcjk`usmn d`ucj`

`g`j~` qcuse`m`j bcw`d gcq`uwcocj ecug`v`d`j w`ecb vd`b` qunlunw`v" Bs`v b`jw`n qulgsdvn wng`d ecuse`m" ecuse`m" sjwsd ocjkmnwsjk `jw`u gcq`uwcocj ocjksj`d`j ocjksj`d`j ocwlgc  i`u`d  Csfbngc`j g`j g`w` hucdscjvn ocji`gn dcfnb d`ucj` qcjcbnwn ocjksvsbd`j ocjksj`d`j `b`w `jkdsw {mccbe`uul{ -kcule`d q`vnu. wcw`qn o`vnm `g` ~`jk ocjkksj`d`j wcj`k` o`jsvn` g`un gcuq`uwcocj ucfcnxnjk dc oci`*

3*5*5* 3*5*5* Ljkdlv Ljkdlv O`wcun`b M`jgbnjk Svsb`j

Q`g` qcumnwsjk`j ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk svsb`j" gnb`dsd`j qcumnwsjk`j ~`jk v`o` vcqcuwn ocjkmnwsjk ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk `{`b* Wcw`qn njqsw g`w` i`u`d  g`j gcq`uwcocj ~`jk gnbc{`wn `bnu`j o`vnjk/o`vnjk o`wcun`bj~` ecuecg`* G`w`  i`u`d `jw`u gcq`uwcocj gn `oenb g`un bcw`d gcq`uwcocj ecug`v`ud`j w`ecb vd`b` qunlunw`v" qunlunw`v" dcui` lqcu`wlu lqcu`wlu bcenm unjk`j unjk`j g`unq`g` vcecbsoj~` vcecbsoj~` wcusw`o` wcusw`o` lqcu`wlu lqcu`wlu o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk g`j g`w` `w` huc hucdscjvn ocji`g i`gn dcfnb fnb d`ucj`

ocjksvsbd vsbd`j `j

ocjksj`d`j `b`w `jkdsw {mccbe`uul{ -kcule`d -kcule`d q`vnu. wcw`qn wcw`qn o`vnm `g` ~`jk ~`jk ocjkksj`d`j wcj`k` o`jsvn` g`un gcuq`uwcocj ucfcnxnjk dc oci`*

85

G`un qcumnwsjk`j ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk ~`jk gnb`dsd`j gng`q`w m`vnb wlw`b ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk svsb`j vcecv`u vcecv`u Uq*6005 Uq*6005"656 "656 qcu m`un jnb`n njn gng`q` gng`q`ww d`ucj` qcuse`m`j ececu`q` i`u`d wcoqsm `bnu`j `w`s qcjk`jdsw`j o`wcun`b g`un v`ws gcq`uwcocj dc gcq`uwcocj b`njj~`* Qcuse`m`j njn gnqcjk`usmn d`ucj` `g`j~` qcuse`m`j bcw`d gcq`uwcocj ecug`v`d`j w`ecb vd`b` qunlunw`v*

G`un m`vnb ~`jk gng`q`w q`g` qcumnwsjk`j ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk svsb`j njn"  ind` gne`jgnjkd`j gcjk`j ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk `{`b icb`v ecuecg`* Ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk svsb`j svsb`j njn oconbnd oconbndnn jnb`n qcjsus qcjsusj`j j`j 51# gcjk`j gcjk`j vcbnvnm vcbnvnm jnb`n jnb`n

vcecv`u Uq* ;>1*686 ;>1*686 g`b`o v`ws m`un* m`un*

Gcjk`j gng`q`wj~` jnb`n wcuvcesw" esd`j ecu`uwn qcusv`m``j g`q`w ocjkmco`w vcecv`u jnb`n vcbnvnm ~`jk gng`q`w vcwn`q m`unj~` d`ucj` d`ucj` sq`m lqcu`wlu lqcu`wlu wcw`q* Wcw`qn dcsjwsjk`j ~`jk gng`q`w g`un d`vsv njn `g`b`m lqcuwlu `d`j g`q`w bcenm ocjkmco`w wcj`k`j~`" d`ucj` ece`j dcui` lqcu`wlu bcenm unjk`j g`un q`g` vcecbsoj~` wcusw`o` lqcu`wlu o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk*

E`e 8 Dcvnoqsb`j g`j V`u`j

Ecuwlb`d g`un w`m`q `j`bnvnv ~`jk wcb`m gnb`dsd`j q`g` e`e vcecbsoj~`" o`d` e`e njn ocusq`d`j w`m`q qcj~noqsb`j g`un `q` v`i` ~`jk wcb`m wcui`gn g`j `q` v`i` ~`jk wcb`m gng`q`w g`un qcjcbnwn`j ~`jk gnb`dsd`j lbcm qcjsbnv* Qcj~noqsb`j njn gno`dvsgd`j `k`u q`u` qcoe`f` g`q`w bcenm oco`m`on m`vnb qcjcbnwn`j ~`jk wcb`m gnb`dsd`j*

8*0* Dcvnoqsb`j Qcuse`m`j b`~lsw ~`jk wcui`gn vcwcb`m gnb`dsd`j qcjcbnwn`j njn ocjsjisd`j ececu`q` qcue`nd` qcue`nd`j j q`g` dckn`w`j dckn`w`j gn b`jw`n qulgsdvn* qulgsdvn* Ecug`v`ud`j Ecug`v`ud`j qcjcbnwn`j qcjcbnwn`j ~`jk wcb`m wcb`m gnb`dsd`j gnb`dsd`j g`j dcosgn dcosgn`j `j ocjkm`vn ocjkm`vnbd` bd`j j lswqsw 

jnb`n ljkdlv o`wcun`b

m`jgbnjk" `bnu`j o`wcun`b g`j b`~lsw  svsb`j" o`d` g`q`w gn`oenb ececu`q`

dcvnoqsb`j ~`jk ocji`gn qlnjw sw`o` q`g` qcjcbnwn`j ~`jk wcb`m gnb`dsd`j* Ececu`q` dcvnoqsb`j ~`jk g`q`w gnw`und `g`b`m9 0* Onjno Onjno`v `vnn ljkdlv ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk g`q`w g`q`w gnd`w`d` gnd`w`d`j j ecum`vnb ecum`vnb d`ucj` d`ucj` LOM `{`b gcjk`j b`~lsw b`~lsw `{`b vcecbso gnb`dsd`j gnb`dsd`j qcuse`m`j vcecv`u vcecv`u Uq*6>15"8=8 Uq*6>15"8=8 ,  m`un* Vcg`jkd`j vcwcb`m gnb`dsd`j qcuse`m`j b`~lsw ecug`v`ud`j qcumnwsjk`j gng`q`w jnb`n ljkdlv vcecv`u vcecv`u Uq* 6005"656, m`un o`d` wcui`gn wcui`gn qcjsusj`j 51#* 5* Qcuse`m`j Qcuse`m`j jnb`n LOM gnqcjk`usmn gnqcjk`usmn lbcm ecuse`mj~` ecuse`mj~` i`u`d wcoqsm wcoqsm `bnu`j o`wcun`b* Vcg`jkd`j qcuse`m`j i`u`d `bnu`j o`wcun`b gnqcjk`usmn lbcm ecuse`mj~` ecuse`mj~` qcjcoq`w`j vcwn`q vcwn`q gcq`uwcocj ecug`v`ud`j ecug`v`ud`j qunlunw`vj~` qunlunw`vj~` o`vnjk/ o`vnjk*

8*5* V`u`j Ececu`q` v`u`j ~`jk g`q`w qcjsbnv v`oq`nd`j vce`k`n e`m`j qcuwnoe`jk`j sjwsd  qnm`d/qnm`d ~`jk wcud`nw o`v`b`m qcuse`m`j b`~lsw njn `g`b`m vce`k`n ecundsw9 0* G`un m`vnb m`vnb qcjcbnwn` qcjcbnwn`j j ~`jk g`q`w gnbnm`w gnbnm`w m`vnbj~`" m`vnbj~`" mcjg`dj~` qcusv`m``j qcusv`m``j g`q`w g`q`w ocjknoqbcocjw`vnd ocjknoqbcocjw`vnd`j `j qcuse`m`j/qcus qcuse`m`j/qcuse`m`j e`m`j ~`jk wcb`m gnsvsbd`j* 5* Mcjg`dj~` Mcjg`dj~` qcusv`m`` qcusv`m``j j g`q`w ocjnjkd`wd`j ocjnjkd`wd`j dcgnvnqbnj`j dcgnvnqbnj`j d`u~`{`j d`u~`{`j wcusw`o` wcusw`o` g`b`o ocb`dsd`j o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk `k`u vcvs`n gcjk`j u`jf`jk`j `bnu`j

86

87

o`wcun`b ~`jk wcb`m gnwcjwsd`j" vcmnjkk` wng`d wcui`gn dcvnoq`jkvnsu`j `bn`u`j qcjknuno`j o`wcun`b g`un g`un v`ws gcq`uwcocj dc gcq`uwcocj b`nj~` 6* Sjwsd dcgcq`jj~` dcgcq`jj~` gnm`u`qd`j gnm`u`qd`j dcq`g` qnm`d qnm`d qcusv`m``j qcusv`m``j sjwsd bcenm bcenm ocoqcumnwsjkd`j o`v`b`m ljkdlv o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk" i`bsu i`bsu g`j g`j isk isk`` i`u` i`u`d  d  o`wcun`b m`jgbnjk g`b`o qcjcoq`w`j gcq`uwcocj/gcq`uwcocj g`j h`vnbnw`v

~`jk `g` gn g`b`oj~` `k`u wcuf`q`n dljgnvn lqwno`b*

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7* Ckn" Unjjlx`j Unjjlx`j H`i`u H`i`u Q*-511> Q*-511>." ." Qu`wndso Qu`wndso Qcu`jf`jk`j Qcu`jf`jk`j W`w` Bcw`d H`vnbnw`v H`vnbnw`v " Sjndlo E`jgsjk* 3* [nkjilvlce [nkjilvlceulwl ulwl"" Vunwlol Vunwlol -5116.* -5116.* W`w` Bcw`d Q`eund g`j Qconjg`m`j E`m`j cgnvn dcwnk`* Ksj` [ng~`" Vsu`e`~`*

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